Rights by virtue of other legislation


Besides the National Health Insurance Law, there is other legislation which establishes defined populations’ entitlement to medical services stemming from specific injuries, including the following:


  • Those injured in a work accident – The National Insurance Institute is responsible. For more information on the rights of those injured in work accidents, see our page on this topic.
  • Hospitalization of women giving birth and newborns – The National Insurance Institute is responsible.
  • Those injured in hostile acts – The National Insurance Institute is responsible.
  • Soldiers performing mandatory military service and career military personnel (not including unpaid soldiers and specific groups of volunteers) – The Israel Defense Forces (IDF) is responsible.
  • Disabled IDF veterans – The Ministry of Defense is responsible.
  • Disabled Holocaust survivors – The Ministry of Finance is responsible.
  • Children who learn in special education institutions (entitled to paramedical services) – The Ministry of Education is responsible.
  • People injured in an automobile accident are entitled to receive the services in the basket, like everyone who is insured. For more information, see our page on this topic.

Note: See Appendix G for more information (Hebrew).


Who is not insured by a health plan?

  • Foreign workers (whether they are in Israel legally or not), tourists, diplomats, people who are in Israel to study at institutes of higher learning and their children.
  • All residents of the Palestinian Authority.

Health insurance for foreign workers

  • An employer of a foreign worker must purchase private health insurance for the worker at the employer’s expense. The employer is permitted to deduct the cost of the insurance from the salary of the worker.
  • According to the law, there is a minimal obligatory healthcare services basket that must be included as part of any private health insurance. This basket is principally based on the basket defined in the National Health Insurance Law. Nonetheless, there exist a number of differences when comparing the health insurance basket to which foreign workers are entitled to that which is provided to Israeli citizens. For example, there is no coverage for giving birth; a requirement to cover medical treatment of a medical problem stemming from an existing medical condition prior to arrival in Israel; it also not obligatory to provide medical services to a foreign worker for whom it was determined that after proper treatment he/she will not be fit to return and perform the work which they were brought to Israel to perform.

Medical insurance for children in Israel who are not residents
Through the Meuhedet health plan and with the use of state money, the Ministry of Health operates a program to arrange for medical insurance for children in Israel who are not residents (breakdown in Hebrew can be found in Appendix I).

Click here to view the Knesset Research Department’s document regarding eligibility for medical insurance of minors who are not residents (Hebrew).








Translated by The Shira Pransky Project